If you have ever seen a kind of cracks on the surface or enamel of any of your teeth, or several of them, then you are facing the existence of dental fissures.
In most cases, these injuries mainly affect young adults in their twenties and thirties and older people in their fifties.
If you want to know more about dental fissures, keep reading this post.
Types Of Dental Fissures
This type of dental injury can be classified into two modalities:
- External fissures
They are those lesions in the initial phase that affect the tooth surface or enamel. Normally, they do not usually present pain or serious problems, much less require a specific treatment.
However, they must be treated through a seal, since the possible penetration of bacteria produced by the oral cavity can negatively harm the affected tooth.
- Internal fissures
These fissures deepen beyond the superficial layer of the tooth, going so deep that it even damages the dentin, causing a total fracture or even the loss of the tooth.
In the presence of a condition in the nerve, endodontic treatment will be required in order to save the affected tooth without requiring its extraction. However, in the most critical cases in which there is a risk of spreading to damage the gingival area, it will be necessary and mandatory to perform an immediate extraction.
In other situations, it will also be necessary to take into account the shape and magnitude of the crack when making the etiological diagnosis and for the treatment approach, classified as vertical, oblique or horizontal.
Why Do Dental Fissures Originate?
Dental fissures appear by:
They can occur because of certain common activities that we perform in daily life, such as biting ice, sweets, nougat, or any other hard food.
The temperature radiating from the oral cavity also usually triggers the development of these lesions, due to their sudden changes in temperature.
The very common involuntary habit of tightening or pressing very hard usually wears the tooth surface of the affected piece, making it much more fragile before the spontaneous development of fissures.
A blow to the oral cavity by accident, or caused by an athletic injury or some falls, can cause a tooth to end up cracking or fracturing. This occurs, especially, in situations in which the piece is facing an endodontic process and dental supervision.
Symptoms Of Dental Fissures
The symptoms usually vary depending on the level, depth and magnitude of the lesions, as well as the origin of their development. Therefore, the signs and symptoms vary from one patient to another, however, among themost frequent we highlight:
- Increased sensitivity after exposure to high or low temperatures.
- Discomfort and inflammation in the gingival area, near the affected tooth, when chewing or biting.
- Release of pressure during the masticatory process or cramps.
It should be noted that these fissures are the result of forces that exceed the elastic limit of the dentin, causing it to crack.
How Are Dental Fissures Diagnosed?
These lesions are difficult to detect, andthe crack is usually so small that it becomes invisible to the naked eye. Diagnosingthem in time is complex, although with the following techniques the dentist can achieve it:
- Visual exam
Through lenses, and through an exhaustive exploration with probes, it will be observed if they are attracted to the existence of cracks.
- Dental dye
This kind of dye is applied on the teeth in order to visually highlight the opening and, in this way, diagnose it.
- X-ray application
X-rays are not able to reflect small cracks, however, they can show if there is poor pulp health, this being a clear indication of the existence or development of lesions in the affected tooth.
These injuries usually damage the inner parts of the affected piece: irritation of the dental pulp or breaks, among others, extending to cause dental fracture and loss of it.
Can Dental Fissures Be Solved?
As with any pathology, the effectiveness is the preventive diagnosis, so the choice of one treatment or another will depend on various components such as:
- The area where the crack developed.
- The size of the opening.
- Whether or not it has spread below the line of the gingival area.
In the case of small to moderate fissures, filling and fixation with biosynthetic cements are usually sufficient; On the other hand, in much more critical situations , periodontal surgery, crowns or root canal treatments will be chosen.
Although dental treatment will be successful in many cases, some cracked teeth may rupture and require extraction.
Recommendations For The Use Of Dental Fissures
The best way to preventgoing is:
- Use a mouth guard if you practice any contact sport or before a possible oral injury.
- Avoid eating hard foods, such as nuts, popcorn or any other.
- Use a discharge splint if the cause ofdevelopment is due to stress, anxiety or bruxism.
- Go to scheduled appointments and appointments.
Get Rid Of Dental Fissures At Ruiz De Gopegui Dental Clinic
At the Ruiz de Gopegui Dental Clinic we put at your disposal the best multidisciplinary team of specialists and / or highly qualified professionals to solve any pathology and / or dental condition that may be affecting.
In addition, we will provide you with the best treatments, methods and / or techniques with the most advanced, innovative and avant-garde technology in the dental world, such as odontograms, 3D CT, intraoral radiography and many more.
Get rid of dental cracks in the best Dental Clinic in Madrid, we guarantee a personalized and exhaustive study to offer you the best solution.
Do you want to improve dental fissures? Request your first free visit. We are waiting for you